ASSESSING THE DELIVERY OF WATER AND SANITATION IN AFRICA: THE CASE OF THE AFRICAN WATER FACILITY

14 Nov

AWF2013
Africa has over 50 significant water basins spanning across nearly all of the 54 countries. For 14 of these, practically their entire national territories fall within shared river basins. Apart from these, there are also large inland water bodies such as lakes Victoria, Chad, Malawi, and the Kariba Dam. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) however, international river basins constitute the principal source of water resources and about one-third of the world’s river basins. Thirty five countries in the region share 17 of the aforementioned river basins. However, even with these water resources Africa has the lowest total water supply coverage of any region in the world. As of the year 2008, only about 60% of the total population in Africa had access to water and sanitation. About 300 million people in Africa do not have access to safe water and about 313 million have no access to sanitation thereby exerting a heavy toll on the health and economic progress of African countries.

Therefore, due to the realisation that 40% of SSA’s total population do not have access to clean drinking water and safe sanitation services , African leaders across the continent took it upon themselves to address this urgent and long standing problem. The leaders declared their commitment to achieving universal access to clean water, through their development blue-print, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), and through their support for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), adopted by world leaders in 2000. However, if the international coverage targets of the MDG for 2015 are to be met in Africa, approximately 210 million people in urban areas will need to be provided with access to water supply services, 211 million people with sanitation services, while a similar number of people in rural areas will also need to gain access.
In this report AFRODAD analyses the Africa Water Facility (AWF) project portfolio hosted by the African Development Bank (AfDB) on behalf of the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW). The objective of this analysis is to: i) understand how the AWF contributes to fulfilling the objectives of the AfDB in water supply and sanitation ii) assess its effectiveness iii) identify areas for improvement in order to achieve its objectives and mandate.
The report notes that since inception of its operations, the AWF has been active in 50 of the continent’s 54 countries and had by end 2012 approved and funded 66 national and regional projects at a total cost of €79 million. The AWF approved projects are distributed across the continent’s five main Sub-regions i.e. North, South, East, West and Central Africa. All grants have so far been given to the public sector, and no public/private partnerships (PPP) were ever forged from inception of the projects to the time of the publication of the report.

Read or Download the FULL report below
ASSESSING THE DELIVERY OF WATER AND SANITATION IN AFRICA THE CASE OF THE AFRICAN WATER FACILITY

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