Tag Archives: Corruption

Zimbabwean government urged to improve taxation systems

18 Feb

ImageThe Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD) on Wednesday held a workshop at the Jameson hotel, Harare aimed at sensitizing media on issues to do with Debt, extractives and illicit outflows.

Speaking at the workshop ZIMCODD director Ms Patricia Kasiamhuru spoke on the need to provide capacity information to enable effective reporting. Illicit outflows generally refers to, illegally earned, transferred or spent money, in the extractive sector it involves tax evasions, corruption and illegal exploitation.

Tafadzwa Chikumbu of the African Forum and Network on Debt and Development (AFRODAD) highlighted effects of illegal illicit outflows on a country’s economy, stating that Africa loses about $50 billion in illicit financial outflows while Zimbabwe lost $12 billion over the last 3 decades.

Illicit financial flows stifle socio-economic progress examples can be pointed on the failure by some African countries to finance Millenium Development Goals leading to unsuccessful implementation of these vital causes in societies. Illicit financial flows also promotes corruption and bribery thereby increasing gain for a few and distorting funds which would have been used for poverty alleviation at the expense of ordinary Citizens, it also aggravates foreign debt leading to stagnation in progress as an economy fails to flourish.

Mr Chikumbu spoke on the need for government to ensure fiscal transparency, push for the criminalisation of tax evasions which is rampant in the informal sector, however he pointed out that “untouchable multinational cooperations “, as well as complicity of government position at times make it difficult to fully curb illicit financial flows.

Gilbert Makore of the Zimbabwe Environmental Lawyers association (ZELA ) spoke on challenges and effectiveness of the current resource mobilisation in Zimbabwe’s taxation system citing need to broaden existing tax base, increase diamond resource mobilisation and improve on transparency and accountability as a means to monitor revenue.

Media was urged to play its role in exposing issues of corruption and mishandling of taxes in order to bring justice.

Media was called upon to be factual urging research of all angles so as to be true to the public with dogmatism attributed as the greatest challenge in media.

Zimbabwe Network against illicit outflows (ZINAIF ) called upon journalists to append their signatures as a way of supporting their cause.

SOURCE: http://newsofthesouth.com/finance-mishandling-a-cause-for-concern-for-zim/

Cursing corruption

10 Dec

ImageCorruption is a barrier to achieving universally accepted development goals, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Monday, while calling on governments, the private sector and civil society to take a collective stand against this social, political and economic disease affecting all countries.

“To achieve an equitable, inclusive and more prosperous future for all, we must foster a culture of integrity, transparency, accountability and good governance,” the secretary-general said in his message for International Anti-Corruption Day.
Corruption has a devastating impact across the world. The World Bank estimates that every year between $20 billion and $40 billion are lost from developing countries due to corruption and bribery, but the scourge also impacts developed economies. In his message,  the secretary-general stressed that corruption prevents achievement of the global anti-poverty targets known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and needs to be taken into account in defining and implementing a robust post-2015 development agenda.

“Good governance is critical for sustainable development,” Ban noted, adding that corruption suppresses economic growth by driving up costs, breaches human rights, increases inequality, and undermines the sustainable management of natural resources.
The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) Monday launched the ‘Zero Corruption – 100% Development’ campaign, designed by young people for young people to raise awareness about corruption.
The campaign focuses on the corrosive effects of corruption on development, highlighting that this crime undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to human rights violations, distorts markets, erodes quality of life and allows organized crime and other threats to security to flourish, according to the joint campaign website.

To highlight the impact of corruption in the world of sport and business, the UN Global Compact, in collaboration with UNDP, today launched a Call to Action to mobilize private and public partners to engage in transparent procurement.
The UN has also developed guidelines to help businesses fight corruption in sport sponsorship and hospitality, Mr. Ban noted in his message.

The first global legally binding international anti-corruption instrument was the UN Convention against Corruption, which today marks its tenth anniversary. It was adopted by the General Assembly in 2003, the same year that the body designated 9 December as International Anti-Corruption Day to raise awareness of both corruption and the role of the Convention in combating and preventing it.
“The Convention is countering corruption in the areas of development, the environment, in the private sector, during major public events, match-fixing, asset recovery, and in many other areas of our lives,” said Yury Fedotov, the Executive Director of UNODC, which houses the Convention’s Secretariat.

At least 171 of the UN’s 193 Member States have so far ratified the Convention. It includes a review mechanism enabling countries to review their peers in a partnership process. In its fourth year, the review mechanism has helped 35 States to improve their anti-corruption laws, and led to the training of 1,400 experts, noted Fedotov. 
“This spirit of cooperation is necessary,” he said. “Corruption is not simply a developed or developing nation’s problem, it is the challenge of every person, and every nation. The review mechanism mirrors this unpalatable fact.”

SOURCE: http://www.nation.com.pk/national/10-Dec-2013/cursing-corruption

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon: Message on International Anti-Corruption Day

9 Dec

UN SECRETARY GENERAL MEETS WITH SPANISH PRESIDENTCorruption suppresses economic growth by driving up costs, and undermines the sustainable management of the environment and natural resources. It breaches fundamental human rights, exacerbates poverty and increases inequality by diverting funds from health care, education and other essential services. The malignant effects of corruption are felt by billions of people everywhere. It is driven by and results in criminal activity, malfunctioning state institutions and weak governance.

Good governance is critical for sustainable development, and vital in combating organized crime.  Every link in the trafficking chain is vulnerable to corruption, from the bribes paid to corrupt officials by dealers in arms and drugs to the fraudulent permits and licenses used to facilitate the illicit trade in natural resources.

Corruption is also rife in the world of sport and business, and in public procurement processes.  In the last decade, the private sector has increasingly recognized its role in fighting corruption.  A Call to Action launched by the United Nations Global Compact and partners is mobilizing businesses and Governments to engage in transparent procurement.  Guidelines are also being developed to help business fight corruption in sport sponsorship and hospitality.

The UN is strongly committed to fulfilling its own obligations.  Operating in some of the world’s most unstable environments, the UN faces multifaceted corruption risks that can undermine our efforts to advance development, peace and human rights.  We have developed a robust system of internal controls and continue to remain vigilant and work hard to set an example of integrity.

Corruption is a barrier to achieving the Millennium Development Goals and needs to be taken into account in defining and implementing a robust post-2015 development agenda.  The UN Convention against Corruption, adopted 10 years ago, is the paramount global framework for preventing and combating corruption.  Full implementation depends crucially on effective prevention, law enforcement, international cooperation and asset recovery.  On this International Anti-Corruption Day, I urge Governments, the private sector and civil society to take a collective stand against this complex social, political and economic disease that affects all countries.  To achieve an equitable, inclusive and more prosperous future for all, we must foster a culture of integrity, transparency, accountability and good governance.

SOURCE: http://www.anticorruptionday.org/actagainstcorruption/en/resources/index.html

Zimbabwe Network Against Illicit Outflows (ZINAIF) Launched

25 Nov

zinaifThe 20th of November 2013 saw the launch of the Zimbabwe Network Against Illicit Flows (ZINAIF), a coalition which is the brainchild of Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD), African Forum and Network on Debt and Development (AFRODAD), Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA), Transparency International Zimbabwe (TIZ) and the Centre for Natural Resource Governance (CNRG).

The main objective of the coalition, is to find drivers, causes and impact of illicit outflows from Zimbabwe.

Tanzania praised for better use of aid, scores low on graft war

20 Nov

Tanzania_flag_mapTanzania Development Partners have said despite positive signs in 2012/13 general budget support there has been stagnation in the fight against corruption in key sectors like health, energy and port operations.

Speaking during General Budget Support (GBS) Annual Review in Dar es Salaam yesterday, Chair of Group in Tanzania – who is also the Swedish Ambassador to the country – Lennarth Hjelmaker said corruption is still a problem in the country.

“The Assessment shows that a more active fight against corruption is needed.

After positive signs in 2012-13, there has been stagnation in the fight against corruption, including a lack of movement on specific anti-corruption cases in key sectors…It seems that there is still an underuse of administrative sanctions for petty corruption offense,” he said.

According to Hjelmaker, DPs have also expressed concern over certain human rights issues or more generally accountability when implementing government commitments related to the right to information and to protect and promote freedom of the media.

He cited areas where reforms are moving at a snail’s pace as including education where both primaryand secondary school pass rates have been dropping and pupil-teacher ratios have not improved as planned.

The DPs said however that an independent evaluation of GBS in Tanzania has confirmed that the aid modality does deliver tangible results and allows the government to spend more on development sectors such as in education, health, water and infrastructure.

According to DPs, Tanzania has done well in decentralisation of management of natural resources, improved budget transparency and procurement, with the number of districts with three or more nurses and midwives per 10,000 inhabitants – exceeding the targets.

However the country has underperformed on water where more than half of the households in rural areas are still lacking access to safe and clean water.

Hjelmaker said as a consequence the 2014 commitments and disbursements from DPs will be affected, as the performance tranches cannot be realised in full.

He said it is a good move that “Tanzania is raising more internal revenues and that dependence on donor funding in slowly decreasing,” adding however that the DPs would continue to support the country in GBS and different areas.

Last year DPs largely fulfilled obligations in line with their current agreements for 2012/13. A total of USD 584 million was disbursed against the USD 495 million committed. Two thirds were disbursed within the first quarter. Two out of the 15 disbursements were delayed.

For her part, Finance deputy minister, Saada Mkuya, expressed satisfaction with the country’s performance, saying the government was taking measures to ensure that such challenges are addressed.

The deputy minister said over past eight years budget support has influenced growth and improved outcomes in the education sector and in reducing non-income poverty.

SOURCE: http://www.ippmedia.com/frontend/index.php?l=61698